Every year on August 22nd, Brazilians celebrate Folklore Day. Dia do Folclore is a Brazilian celebration honouring the country’s longstanding customs and traditions. The dates of these celebrations were selected by countries all around the world to reflect their own cultural norms. The purpose of the celebration is to introduce newcomers to the folkloric customs of the nation via performances of dances and tales. The folklore of Brazil has certain commonalities with that of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Ethnic festivals honouring the unique culture are held on this day across the globe.
William G. Thorns of Britain merged the terms ‘folk’ and ‘lore’ on August 22, 1846, to create the term ‘folklore.’ He characterised it as a “people’s traditional wisdom.”
In a London publication called Atheneum, he discussed this topic. The first time he used the word “folklore” was in this piece. As a result, on the 22nd of August, people throughout honour the history and significance of these narratives and arts.
History of Brazilian Folklore
In 1965, then-military commander Humberto de Alencar Castello Branco issued an order establishing the Brazilian Folklore Day. The teaching of folklore was given a high priority in the decree because of its significance to the national culture. Thus, Folklore Day was established to promote the study of Brazilian folklore and preserve the cultural traditions of the Latin American nation.
Dances and fictional figures from Brazil’s rich mythology are especially celebrated on this day. Legends such as the Sac and the Curupira are central to Brazilian culture. Indigenous, African, and Asian civilizations, together with a smattering of European influences, gave rise to Brazil’s rich folkloric legacy.
Importance of the Day
The Brazilian constitution explicitly recognises the value of folklore. Articles 215 and 216 of the Federal Constitution protect the freedom of all Brazilians to engage in cultural manifestations, and they provide that the promotion and defence of Brazilian popular culture is to be fostered.
The tradition honours the significance of tales told from parent to child, which serve as a valuable source of moral instruction.
The study of folklore is highly valued in the field of education, particularly during a child’s formative school years.
Folktales are honoured across the globe on this day, from Melanie Joyce’s Jack and the Beanstalk to Grace Lin’s A Big Mooncake for Little Star, the Arabian Nights, and Rapunzel. Today is significant because it inspires renewed appreciation for the stories of yore.